高考英語考試經常考察一直接殺了他們些句式,對於一些特殊的句式大家要下功夫掌握,下面學大教育為大家帶來高考英語復習時要註意的【特殊句式】整理,希望大家聽到能夠認真掌握。

全部倒裝

1.There be句型:可以用在這類句型中的動詞除be外,還可用live,exist,remain,stand等作謂語。例如:

(1)There are many students in the classroom.

(2)Long long ago,there lived a king who loved horses very much.

2.用於“here(there,now,then)+不及物【動詞+主語”的句型中,或以out,in,up,down,away等副詞開頭的在場句子裏,以表示強調。例如:

Here comes the bus.Out went the children.

3.由then引起,謂語為come,follow的句子。例如:

(1)Then came a new difficulty.

(2)Then followed eight years of the Anti-Japanese War.

4.當句首狀語為表示地點的介詞短語時,也常常引起全部倒裝。例如:

In the middle of our school stands a high building.

5.表語放而他身上更是隱藏著一個重大在句首時,倒裝結構你怎麽了為“表語+連系動詞+主語”。表語常為形容詞、過去分卻沒有幾個詞和介詞短語。例如:

(1)Gone are the days when they would do what they liked.

(2)Present at the meeting were Professor White,Professor Smith and many other guests.

6.表語放朱天麟在句首時,倒裝結構為“表語+連系動詞+主語”。表語常為形容詞、過去分詞這或許是他最終將玄正鶴擊敗和介詞短語。例如:

(1)Gone are the days when they would do what they liked.

(2)Present at the meeting were Professor White,Professor Smith and many other guests.

部分倒∩裝句

1.only+副詞/介詞短語/狀語從句置於句△首。

例如:Only then did I realize the importance of English.

註意:①在only+狀語從句+主句結構中,主句用倒裝結構但從句用正常語序。

Only when you have finished your homework can you go to the cinema.

②only修飾主語,不倒裝。Only Tom knows how to deal with the tough situation.

2.否定詞(短語)開頭的句子:

表示否定意義的副問道詞never,nor,neither;

表示半否定意義的副詞hardly,few,seldom,little;

含有no和not的詞組by no means(絕不),in no time(很快),at no time(在任何時①候都不),not until,not only…but also...,no sooner...than

(1)Never shall I believe you again.(2)Little did he know who the woman was.(3)Not until I began to work did I realize how much time I had wasted.

3.以so開頭,用“so+助動詞/情態動詞/系動詞+主語”表明前面敘述的肯定情況也適♂合於另一個人或物,譯作“也,同樣,也如此”。表示前面敘述的否定情況也適合於另一個人或物,用“neither或nor+助動詞/情態動詞/系動詞+主語”。譯作“也不是,也沒有”。例如:The boy left home,and so did his sister a week later.-I don’t think I can walk any further.—Neither can I.Let’s stop for a rest.

註意:當so表示對前句內現在彩繪水指罐不見了容的肯定、附和或◣進一步強調前面所說的情況,譯作“的確,正是”時,用正常語序。例如:—Tom works hard.—So he does and so do you.

4.如果〖虛擬條件句的謂語含有were,should,had,可以把if省略,而將這三個詞放於條件句主語前構成倒裝。例如:If there should be a flood,what would we do?→Should there be a flood,what would we do?

5.頻度∑副詞及短語often,always,now and then,many a time,every other day等放在句首時,有時也倒裝。例如:Many a time has he come to comfort me.

6.某些㊣ 表示祝願的句子也用倒裝語序。例如:May you succeed!

省略句

1.如果復合句中的時哼間、條件、原因狀語從●句用了主語+be+分詞結構,且主、從句主語一致時,可省略從ω句的連接詞、主語和be動詞,只保留分詞〗和其他成分。例如:

Lost in thought,he almost ran into the car in front of him.(Lost in thought為As he was lost in thought的省略)

2.如復合句中從句的句尾和主句相重復的話,從句的句尾可省略。例如:

(1)Li Lei will play football if Mike will(play football).

(2)Mary is going to sweep the floor because Alice won’t(sweep the floor).

3.在□ 回答問句及其他形式的答語中,如有和上文☉重復的不定式時,在答語中只保留其不★定式符號to,而把動詞和其他部分省略。例如:

—I’ll be away on a business trip.Would you mind looking after my cat?

—Not at all.I’d be happy to.(I’d be happy to後省略了look after your cat)

4.在英語中,有一些特殊的省『略結構,如:What/How about...?Why not do...?等實際上已※形成了習慣用法。例如:—I usually go there by train.—Why not try going by boat for a change?

反意疑問↘句

1、復合句的反意疑問句▓

當陳」述部分是“I’m sure,I’m afraid,I don’t think(suppose,expect,imagine,believe等)+賓語從句”結構時,附加問句應與從句主語和謂語動詞保持對應關系,但要註意陳述部分的否定轉移現Ψ 象。

例如:I’m sure that he is late for school,isn’t he?I don’t think she cares,does she?

2、情態動詞這裏是江蘇省反意疑問句

(1)陳述部分★中有have和had to,附哪個盧隊長加疑問句部分通常用do的相應形式代□替。例如:You have to get up early tomorrow to catch the first bus,don't you?

(2)陳述部分中是mustn’t表示“禁止”時,附加疑問句部分用must;陳述部嚴格調查分中的must表示“一定、想必”等推測意義時,附加疑問句部分則是根據陳述部分的謂語動詞或☆其助動詞來定。

例如:You mustn't walk on the grass,must you?

You must be very thirsty,aren’t you?(對想在情況的推』測)

It must have snowed last night,didn’t it?(對過去情況的推測)

(3)陳述部分是一陽子捋著他那一小撮胡須道I wish,表示詢〓問或征求意見,附加疑問部分用may I。例如:I wish to see you again,may I?